Motorcycle Safety Survey

Introduction

Motorcycle safety remains a key road safety focus for the State Government with motorcyclists continuing to be overrepresented in killed and seriously injured (KSI) crashes.

The government is considering safety reforms including: 
 
  • enhancements to the Graduated Driver Training Licencing system (GDTL) , which would improve motorcycle rider safety; and
  • the option of permitting motorcycle lane filtering, which would provide clarity to all road users about when this manoeuvre is permitted.

Please make sure you've read the full consultation paper (PDF, 28 pages) and/ or the summary of proposed changes in the below table.

We invite all road users to participate in this important stage of consultation.

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If you are unlicensed or have a disability preventing you from filling out this online survey, please write to MCSafety@rsc.wa.gov.au. We will endeavour to assist by sending out a printed copy of the survey, or helping visually impaired respondents over the phone.
  

Summary of proposed regulatory options
Current state Proposed reform Supporting rationale

Road Traffic Code

Motorcycle lane filtering or splitting is not defined within legislation. Introduce a road rule permitting motorcycle lane filtering and thereby prohibiting splitting. Harmonisation with other jurisdictions: With the exception of WA and the Northern Territory, all other Australian jurisdictions have either legislated the practice of lane filtering or are in the process of trialling legislation (see Attachment A for a visual depiction of lane filtering).

Graduated Driver Training and Licensing System

Currently there is no minimum learner period for R-E class learner riders if they already hold a car or a moped driver’s licence. Introduce a minimum learner tenure period of six months whilst learning to ride LAMS (R-E class) motorcycles regardless of holding a car or moped licence.
  • Harmonisation with other jurisdictions: With the exception of WA, all other Australian jurisdictions require a learner period of between three to six months.
 
  • Improved safety and risk mitigation: The learner phase provides applicants with an opportunity to develop on-road skills and experience under conditions of lower risk and there is evidence to suggest the longer the learner phase, the fewer the motorcyclist fatalities.
 
  •  A minimum learner phase of six months is expected to provide learner motorcyclists with an opportunity to gain experience and develop skills under conditions of lower risk.  The proposal for a six-month minimum tenure period is based on evidence from the US that there were fewer motorcyclist fatalities in states with longer minimum tenure periods for motorcycle learner permits (McGwin et al. 2004). US States with at least 190 days tenure had significantly fewer fatalities per distance travelled than those with minimum tenure periods of 95 days or less.
There is no motorcycle specific HPT. Currently, riders undertake a generic HPT. Also moped riders are currently not required to undertake a HPT. Introduce a pre-licence motorcycle specific Hazard Perception Test (HPT) for all powered two wheelers (mopeds and motorcycles).
  • Improved safety and risk mitigation: Research indicates that HPT’s for car drivers may not be appropriate for motorcyclists.
 
  •  Moped and motorcycle riders undertake manoeuvres that lead to specific hazards and also need to be more aware of potential road surface hazards such as oil and potholes which rarely feature in standard hazard perception tests. A motorcycle specific HPT is intended to be incorporated into the motorcycle GDTL analogous with the car GDTL and will cater specifically for motorcyclists. It is also intended to be included for moped licensing.
The rider is subject to one-year LAMS (R-E class) restriction Enhance the one-year LAMS (R-E class) restriction to a two-year minimum period prior to becoming eligible for an unrestricted R class PDA
  • Improved safety and risk mitigation: Riding experience over a longer period of time on lower powered motorcycles better prepares motorcyclists to handle and control high powered motorcycles and decreases the risk of crashing. This is linked to the previously stated rationale supporting a longer learner and intermediate phase.
Currently R-E class and R class PDA are exactly the same; just they are required to be undertaken on LAMS and high-powered motorcycles respectively. This initiative will increase the rigour of both (R-E class and R class) motorcycle PDA. Riders will be required to achieve a higher pass mark in each of the assessments. This includes transforming the R class PDA into an exit test thereby requiring a higher pass mark than the LAMS (R-E class) PDA.
 
  • Improved safety and risk mitigation: Preliminary feedback received from professional motorcycle instructors and assessors indicates that there is scope to strengthen the two motorcycle PDAs as riders with well-developed riding skills should only be able to pass the tests.
 
  • Additionally, the R class PDA (undertaken to remove the LAMS restriction) is intended to be turned into an exit test to require a higher pass mark than the LAMS PDA. This is to accurately reflect that high-performance motorcycles require higher order riding skills.

Motorcycling Law Reforms – Glossary

ARRB: Australian Road Research Board

GDLT: Graduated Driver Licensing and Training System

HPT: Hazard Perception Test

KSI: Killed and Seriously Injured

LAMS: Learner Approved Motorcycles Scheme
A motorcycle (not a moped) restricted to engine capacity of up to 660cc and power to weight ratio not exceeding 150kW/t. A list of LAMS approved motorcycles is available on Department of Transport WA website.

Lane filtering: A manoeuvre involving a motorcyclist moving between two or more lanes of traffic (travelling in the same direction) at a speed of 30km/h or below.

Lane splitting: A manoeuvre involving a motorcyclist moving between two or more lanes of traffic (travelling in the same direction) at a speed of above 30km/h.

MSRG: Motorcycle Safety Review Group

MSSC: Motorcycle Safety Sub-Committee

Pillion: a seat for a passenger behind a motorcyclist.

PDA: Practical Driving Assessment

R-E Class: A person is restricted to riding a LAMS approved motorcycle only when they have obtained a licence for class R and is endorsed with the condition E.

R-N Class: A person is restricted to riding a moped

R Class: Any motorcycle

RTA: Road Traffic Act 1974 (WA)

RTC: Road Traffic Code 2000 (WA)

VRUAG: Vulnerable Road Users Advisory Group