The Safe System is underpinned by a series of Safe System Foundations initiatives which support implementation.
From a research perspective, this includes a focus on local road safety problems and solutions to support understanding our research capacity and capability to understand problems better.
Addressing the impact of remoteness and distance on motor vehicle injury outcomes (2016) This research provided a review of the management of major trauma in rural and remote areas.An investigation of serious injury motor vehicle crashes across metropolitan, regional and remote Western Australia (2013)
Internationally, a number of interventions have been adopted in order to try and reduce adverse outcomes from major trauma in rural and remote areas. However, their applicability to Western Australia is less clear.
The research found that Automatic Collision Notification (ACN) systems may potentially ameliorate the situation. Confidence in ACN systems is high, and they are likely to increasingly be used in new vehicles.
The effectiveness of patient transportation remains a subject of debate. There are a number of complex challenges associated with volunteer ambulance crews in rural and remote areas. Further, there is inconsistent evidence about the role of aeromedical transport in trauma outcomes.
Overall, the evidence is fairly consistent that the establishment of dedicated trauma centres has a positive impact on trauma outcomes.
Road safety benefits
This research informs future research into ACN systems and road safety in remote and regional Western Australia.
Addressing the impact of remoteness and distance on motor vehicle injury outcomes
Previous research has identified that road crashes in the non-metropolitan area are significantly more likely to result in more severe injuries compared with those occurring in the metropolitan area.The relationship between socio-economic factors and road safety in Western Australia (2013)
The aims of this research were to:
- Review the published literature in regard to the factors associated with serious injury crashes across metropolitan and rural (regional and remote) areas.
- Quantify and elucidate the risk of serious injury across Western Australia using police reported crash data for the period 2005-2009.
The research found that compared with crashes in the metropolitan area, crashes in the regional and remote area were 25%-50% more likely to result in an injury (any level) and two to three times more likely to result in either the death or hospitalisation of an involved road user.
Road safety benefit
This research is beneficial to Government to the extent that it identified a range of potential counter-measures were identified in the areas of safer roads and roadsides, safer speeds, and safer road use and users.
An investigation of serious injury motor vehicle crashes across metropolitan, regional and remote Western Australia (2013)
The aim of this research was to identify key measures of economic activity and establish the relationship between these factors and road trauma in Western Australia using advanced statistical time series techniques.
The research found that explanatory structural time series modelling of the relationship between selected socio-economic factors and the level of road trauma in Western Australia identified unemployment rate as having a significant association with each of the levels of road trauma.
Road safety benefit
This research is beneficial to Government to the extent that this research supports high level future planning by the Commission. Road safety target setting in strategies must be mindful that changes in economic circumstances can affect the likelihood of reaching set targets.
The relationship between socio-economic factors and road safety in Western Australia (2013)